GALAPAGOS ISLANDS - PINTA, MARCHENA AND GENOVESA

 
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Galapagos travel information


Galapagos travel information

Galapagos travel information

PINTA, MARCHENA AND GENOVESA





Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreGENERAL INFORMATION

Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreArea: Genovesa 14 square kms; Marchena 216 square kms
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreMaximum Altitude: Genovesa 76 meters; Marchena 100 meters; Pinta 850 meters
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much morePopulation: 0
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreGeographic: Calderas with hot lava, coral beaches, natural step formations.
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreGetting there: Tour
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreGetting around: Genovesa, hiking; Marchena, no visitors allowed; Pinta, no visitors
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreObservations:



Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreDESCRIPTION



Pinta, Marchena & Genovesa are three small islets in the northern group of islands in the Galapagos.

Genovesa, known as Tower Island, is a fascinating island both geologically and biologically. Curiously, the chemistry of its lavas is virtually identical to lavas that erupt at mid-ocean ridges (a magma type called MORB, or mid-ocean-ridge-basalt) and quite different from most oceanic island lavas.

Genovesa is an ornithographer's dream. Nesting birds may be seen there, including masked boobies, red-footed boobies, Galapagos owls, frigates, swallow-tail gulls, lava herons, and the rare lava gulls. Also to be seen there are sea lions and fur seals. The fur seal, actually a species of sea lion rather than a true seal, was nearly hunted to extinction by the early part of the twentieth century, but has recovered.



Visitor Sites:
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreDarwin Bay
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreePrince Philip's Steps

Marchena, or Bindloe is a large shield volcano. Marchena, too, has lavas like Genovesa -- similar to those of mid-ocean ridge basalts. It's an interesting geological formation.
Marchena has had a lot of volcanic activity, though there is only one known eruption which occurred in 1992. Marchena has a caldera, like many islands. Marchena's caldera, however, has been almost completely filled with young lavas, some of which has spilled over and down the sides. The oldest lavas are 500,000 years old.
Marchena is rather desolate and has no fresh water and hence has never been settled, and its flora and fauna have not been disturbed by feral animals or introduced plants. Except for diving in the waters around it, it is off-limits to tourists and is therefore seldom visited. Tortoises have apparently never inhabited Marchena.

Visitor Sites:

None -- off limits to visitors

Pinta is the third islet in the northern group of islands. Its lava is different from that of Marchena and Genovesa. Pinta's most famous inhabitant was Lonesome George. Due to whaling ships and buccanneers, many tortoise populations were destroyed. The introduction of goats on Pinta was probably the straw that broke the camel's back leaving one Pinta tortoise (as far as we know) in this world. Lonesome George is the last Pinta tortoise. (Yes, it sounds like a bad country western song, but its true). For years, scientists hoped to find him a mate, but alas, George is destined to life as a bachelor, and when he goes, so does his race. Now we are more concientious about the environment, but due to a careless past, another animal will become extinct. You can now visit Lonely George at the Charles Darwin Research station on Santa Cruz island.





Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreFAUNA

Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreBoobies
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreFrigates
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreStorm Petrels
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreTropic Birds
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreSea Lions
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreHammerhead Sharks
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreShort-eared Owls


Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreFAUNA

Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreCroton Bushes
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreLava Cactus
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much morePalo Santo
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreMuyuyo Forest
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreSaltbrush


Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreACTIVITIES

Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreSnorkling
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreScuba diving
Galapaguide - Galapagos islands Ecuador South America travel information - Travel guide. Cruises, scuba diving and much moreTours



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GALAPAGOS ISLANDS - PINTA, MARCHENA AND GENOVESA